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Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Introducing Content

Teaching Geography is one of the best Social Studies gigs to get! 
There are so many amazing resources for teaching the course, 
and fun strategies for teaching Geography are also unlimited. 
Follow this Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series 
to learn those strategies for your classroom!
Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Easy to implement strategies for introducing content...

Quick Tips #4: Introducing Content
Unlike teaching chronologically in a History course, teaching Geography requires introducing varied content in a more thematic manner which can often be more challenging for students and teachers alike. Finding the right strategies for introducing content in the Geography classroom can make all the difference. Here are a few of my favorites! 

 Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Easy to implement strategies for introducing content...
Walking Tours
When attempting to introduce large amounts of content for comparison or general understanding, the Walking Tour is the greatest strategy to encourage student participation and content retentionWalking Tours can help students view multiple topics (or locations) at the same time and concisely record pertinent data for each for later comparison. Follow the link above for greater detail in creating or implementing a walking tour and take a look at ready-to-go Walking Tour Resources that will benefit both you and your students. For a very comprehensive overview of Asian Nations, take a look at this Walking Tour of Asia!

Case Studies
If your goal is to introduce focused content on a specific topic, Case Studies are the way to go. Whether you use a provided reading, or allow students to search for their own reliable resources, case studies can help students to take an in-depth look for consideration or debate. They can be adapted to any time allotment and can guide students into thorough investigation on content topics of study.

 Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Easy to implement strategies for introducing content...Response Groups
With so much content in the Geography classroom balancing on controversial topics, one strategy that works very well in the Response Group.  In a Response Group activity, students will thoroughly investigate a subtopic to discuss in a small group before reporting out to the larger class population. These may include debatable topics or simply various categories on a larger topic. See this archived Response Group post for greater detail.

Scavenger Hunts
No matter how you choose to use a scavenger hunt, it will be fun and engaging for students, helping them to better learn and retain the content.  Set them up with the content provided for reading practice or allow students to research online. Either way, reading and analysis skills will be practiced while the content is collected!

Centers and Stations
Similar to a Walking Tour, centers or stations can provide an effective way to disperse large amounts of content in a small period of time. Students can move from location to location, or the materials can be moved from student group to student group. In addition to providing reading material, additional resources, such as music, video, artifacts, primary sources, etc. can be added to help engage students and keep them interested in the learning process. In addition to serving the purpose of introducing content, centers and stations also serve as a wonderful strategy for skills practice and review.

No matter which strategies you choose to use, be sure to mix it up. Change in the classroom is a good thing, and varied strategies, like varied resources are the key to keeping students engaged and excited about learning!

Happy Teaching!

Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Mapping Practice

Teaching Geography is one of the best Social Studies gigs to get! 
There are so many amazing resources for teaching the course, 
and fun strategies for teaching Geography are also unlimited. 
Follow this Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series 
to learn those strategies for your classroom!
Quick Start Ideas for the Geography Classroom - Part of the Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series

Quick Tips #3: Mapping Practice
Mapping is a vital skill to learn in the Geography classroom, and there are so many great strategies that we can use to make learning and practicing that skill fun and engaging. Here are a few to get your started in your Geography classroom.

Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Mapping Practice in the Geography Classroom

Basic Outline Maps & Competition
One without the other does not quite do it, but when you add the two together, you get a challenging exercise that engages students and fires them up for learning. Start with a blank map of the region you wish to teach, add an atlas, and have your students begin filling in the states, countries... Each day of the unit, begin limiting the atlas use. And then, once your students learn the locations, start to limit the time. You'll be surprised how quickly students can accurately label all of the countries in a region when a stopwatch is ticking and small reward are at stake!

Map Obstacle Course
Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Mapping Practice in the Geography ClassroomWhen students can be up and moving, they are more excited about participating AND learning. Set up a small obstacle course in your classroom. Place students into teams of 5-6. Call out the name of one location for students to find in an atlas or on a wall map at the end of the course. The first team to find all of the locations wins! Make the obstacle course related to cultural games or tasks of the region for added content connections!

Making a Map

There is nothing better for reinforcing skills than using your hands to create a related product. So, for teaching about the states or countries, make a map! But don't just have students label a blank outline, let them build the maps. Create in 3-D format or have students add virtual elements to their displays. And to make it even more enticing, have students add a taste of each location to their maps with local favorites they can make at home!

Mapping History
Mapping locations can be boring, so make your lessons more engaging by adding in the basics of history. Allow students to add pop-up timelines or to color in the characteristics of important events. Follow a specific listing of historic events for a region, or allow students to choose fun events as they research the location on their own. Pop-up maps can bring both the Geography and the History to life.

Topographic Map Making
And saving the best for last... making topographic maps to study regions and their geographic imprint is the most fun you can have in a Geography class. Whether you are in grade 6 or grade 12, your students will love digging their hands into the clay to complete map building projects that will amaze your eyes and brains!

Teaching with maps in the Geography classroom should be an every day event. And when you make that event more engaging, and even fun, you keep them coming back for more!

Be sure to check out my Quick Tips category (on the right side of this blog) for more great ideas for your Geography or History classroom.

Happy Teaching!

Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Name Games

Teaching Geography is one of the best Social Studies gigs to get! 
There are so many amazing resources for teaching the course, 
and fun strategies for teaching Geography are also unlimited. 
Follow this Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series 
to learn those strategies for your classroom!
Quick Start Ideas for the Geography Classroom - Part of the Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series

Quick Tips #2: Name Games
Learning the names of places in the US or around the World can be a great challenge, but it can also be fun when it is done with games!
Here are a few Geography Games to get your students closer to mastering those far off locations!

Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Playing Name Games to learn the states and countries of the world.

Globe Throw
For my students, the appearance of the globe ball meant they could finally throw something in class. But beware - where your thumb hits, you must quickly name the country and provide one fact about the location. While the names are provided on most blow-up globes, you can create a decoupage globe for an added challenge!
Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Playing Name Games to learn the states and countries of the world.

Topic Tag
This simple game can be played in any class, but for my Geography students, it was a quick call review for continental country names. Each student, when tagged, must name one of the countries being studied in the current unit. Bonus points could be added by the student locating the country on a map or globe!

I See, You See
Using projected state or country shapes, students must identify their shape and then call on a friend for the next one. Reviewing for units can be done in this fun way, and the competition can get real as the locations get more challenging! Make it even more fun with this Spin the States Game and a simple game spinner!

Shape Match
With any blank map or blank state or country card sets, students can play matching games to learn the names with ease.  Practice while playing Go Fish or let the students create their own games for matching names to shapes. For those with online access, Sheppard Software has games for all countries and states to help students practice with varied levels of difficulty.

Sing A Song
For years, elementary students have learned songs to practice naming the states. Continue using music to reinforce the names and their locations. With blank maps, students can label as they sing, or get kids up and moving by having them take turns pointing to the correct location on wall maps as names are called. 

Be sure to click on the Quick Tips category over on the ride side of this blog for more great strategies that can bring more fun and learning into your classroom!

Happy Teaching!

Quick Tips for Teaching Geography: Quick Start Ideas

Teaching Geography is one of the best Social Studies gigs to get! 
There are so many amazing resources for teaching the course, 
and fun strategies for teaching Geography are also unlimited. 
Follow this Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series 
to learn those strategies for your classroom!
Quick Start Ideas for the Geography Classroom - Part of the Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series

Quick Tips #1: Quick Start Ideas
Starting class in the right way helps to set the pace and the standard for effective learning throughout the day and throughout the course. Try each of these bellringer strategies to find the one (or many) that work best 
for you and your students.
Quick Start Ideas for the Geography Classroom - Part of the Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series


Current Events
Why reserve current events for your history classes? Start off each Geography class period with a current event news report. Find reliable online sources from each state, region, or country of study to immerse your students in the happenings from that area. And don't worry about language barriers; just watching the images roll across the screen can be a great discussion starter on what your students think is happening in that part of the world!
Start off your current events trip around the world in Europe with Euronews!

Photo of the Day
Image analysis is one of the most critical skills for students to learn and practice. To emphasize this importance, start off each class period with the Photo of the Day. National Geographic provides these incredible photos for you online, and you can expand the lesson with further research or allow the students to apply prior knowledge to the image at hand.

Where in the World...?
Do you remember the Carmen Sandiego games? Give your students that same fun through a daily Where Are We prompt! List out characteristics of a place, or use these ready-made prompts, for a fun and engaging trip from the classroom to a new location each and every day!

Map Attack
Quick Start Ideas for the Geography Classroom - Part of the Quick Tips for Teaching Geography Series
Start off each class period with a game of darts! With a laminated wall map and a class set of sticky darts, let students enter class, throw their dart, and then quickly research the location of attack.  Use my Free SPRITE handout, allowing students to add each location to each category every day of the week for a 5 location summary each week!

Music Around the World
Studies have long shown that using music in the classroom can help students learn and better retain content. With that in mind, start each day with music from the region of study. The World Music Network has a great selection of music with quick and easy access. Let students listen and then respond to the sounds of the region.

Starting off with an effective bellringer not only gives you time to take attendance and prepare the last minute needs for your lesson, it also helps to get your students in the right frame of mind for learning. And if you use fun and engaging bellringers, your students are more likely to buy into the lesson and into learning in your Geography classroom!

Happy Teaching!

Teaching Diversity during Black History Month

As a high school History teacher with a set-in-stone curriculum map, the idea of stopping my lessons to insert a resource or unit on "Black History" was troubling to me. What was more troubling was the fact that, to me, the history of diversity should be taught all year long, every year. 

Both of those personal beliefs created classroom problems. 
Let me take you back...


Before my first year of teaching in my own classroom, I sat in my new space and skimmed through every resource left to me by the retiring teacher. There were sets of textbooks, black-lined dittos (that's a history lesson), and worksheets of every kind neatly stuffed into file folders in huge filing cabinets. After days of going through what that teacher of 36 years considered his greatest gift to me, the newbie, I was in tears. I stumbled into the assistant principal's office to ask what I could do.

Then she asked the big question:

What was the problem?

I let it all go! I explained that to teach history correctly, in a way that would best represent and empower all of my students, I needed resources that would help me to show them the true history, not just that of white, Anglo-saxon, Protestant, males, but the history of everyone. And preferably, in their own words. I wanted to teach my courses on Government, Geography, U.S. History, and World History from multiple perspectives and with a global focus, allowing my students to use critical thinking skills in their evaluation of varied resources.


Yes, I was very ideological and optimistic back then! I truly thought she would whip out the checkbook and hand me a list of phone numbers for the distributors of those oh, so valuable resources so they would be delivered nice and shiny by the first day of school just weeks away.

Instead, my very understanding assistant principal told me to follow her.

We walked down the hallway to the custodian's closet. She pulled out two large trash cans on wheels. We rolled them to my classroom. And then, she helped me to dump every single worksheet from the filing cabinets into the trash cans. We also stacked all of the 10 year old textbooks into a book room, leaving me just one class set on a shelf in the corner of the room.

Then she gave me a piece of advice that has changed my teaching (and truly my life) every since:
The only way you are going to get what you want is to create it yourself!

And that's what I did.  For every topic in every subject area.

After 15 years of teaching, and 5 more years of just creating these resources, I am overjoyed to see that we (the many of us in my teaching generation that broke from the book) can now provide every new teacher with the tools that will truly make learning an inclusive experience for every student in their classroom.

With all of that said, I've also come around just a bit on my "don't mess with my curriculum" attitude!  While I still believe diversity should be taught year round, I also feel we need to address diversity even more during the annual events. After all, during my 20 years in the academic world, I learned another important lesson, too. It's all about equity!

For those looking for that perfect Black History Month resource, take a look at my Important African Americans Biography Centers Activity. The resources introduces students to 12 African Americans that have truly made a difference in America through their dedication to breaking down barriers and building up citizens to create a nation in which we can all be proud.

Teaching the History of Diversity during Black History Month

And for an added activity, be sure to download my FREE Analyzing Quotes of African American Leaders Task Card Set. These are great for bell ringers or simply to help students see for themselves the great contributions made by these people of color.

Teaching the History of Diversity during Black History Month

Use the two resources together for an even more valuable lesson!

Teaching the History of Diversity during Black History Month
Happy Teaching!

The Power of Truth and Kindness in the Classroom

Teachers have long understood that students come into our classrooms with great challenges before them. They enter naive, and often willing to accept whatever is told to them as truth. They also enter filled with acceptance, yet at the same time must battle the world around them and the hatred they see and experience every day.  We teachers have to work hard to make a difference. To turn the tide in those individual lives. To teach truth and kindness.

https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Experiential-Exercise-Walking-Tour-on-Checking-Source-Internet-Reliability-2951700

With so much swirling in the news lately about these exact issues, I have teamed up with other teachers from TeachersPayTeachers tasked to create resources to help students learn the important lessons.  We've also pledged to make these new resources FREE FOREVER!

My TpT Store is filled with mostly Social Studies resources for grade 6-12. In tackling this project, I wanted to stay true to my store followers and to create a resource that would be valuable for their students. That brought me to the idea of creating a Experiential Exercise Walking Tour on Checking for Reliability.

In most secondary classes, we deal with two types of students when it comes to verifying information. We have those who accept everything we present as absolute truth and we have those who don't care about the information we present, making them even more gullible for misinformation.

My resource will lead students to accept misinformation, helping them to experience being duped, and allowing them to better grasp the importance of checking for reliability in anything they do.  Hopefully this lesson will go beyond the classroom, and students will learn the significance in checking for accuracy in everything they live and do in the world.

What is an Experiential Exercise?
An Experiential Exercise is a class activity with a lesson built into the tasks students will complete. By living the lesson, student gain a better understanding of how that same lesson would apply historically. These lessons can be very powerful for students, leaving them feeling both broken down and then empowered in the same day.  That emotion and buy in makes the lesson much more powerful than any other you can do in the classroom.

What is a Walking Tour?
A Walking Tour is a powerful strategy for the secondary classroom. It allows students to walk around the classroom as they learn and gather significant event on a period in history or a topic of study.  Students are provided varied resources, allowing them to better see, feel, hear, and read the information at hand. This type of strategy also appeals to all learning types, helping to draw interest into the learning process and better students engagement from all.

Experiential Exercise Walking Tour of Checking for Reliability #weholdthesetruths

An Experiential Exercise Walking Tour on Checking for Reliability
This particular activity asks students to gather information on the creation and use of the Internet. One tour group will find accurate information, while the other will collect misinformation. When students must collaborate to discuss their findings, they will encounter completely different "facts" from each side. Students will then be able to return to the tours to investigate further, examining and practicing some tools for checking source reliability. Classroom discussion should follow, where guiding questions can help students to understand the importance of checking for truth in everything they read, see, hear, and experience in the modern world.

I hope you will find great value in this lesson resource as we are all challenged with teaching our students to find the truth in our world and exhibit the kindness they should to make that world a better place.

Thank you to Desktop Learning Adventures and The ELA Buffet for sponsoring this resource hop!

Also a great thanks to Rachel Lynette and Minds In Bloom for organizing this resource project!

And please link through to find other great freebies for teaching truth and kindness in the secondary classroom.

Day of Giving 2016 #historygives


Today is the 2016 Day of Giving.  

For me, that means I am donating my TpT Store sales to my choice charities.

The top of my list is always the Make a Wish Foundation, and they will receive 80% of my sales today.  Through my donation (and others) they will fulfill the wishes of children with terminal diseases, helping them to experience their wildest dreams before their time is gone.  I'm a huge fan(atic) of Disney World, so I've seen this foundation's work in action, and my heart always beats a little faster and my eyes usually swell with tears when I see the happiness and joy in the eyes of these children and their families. It's a charity I support all year, every year, and always will.

However, I am also a huge advocate of Pay It Forward.  Pay It Forward, to me, is about so much more than the monetary donation. It is about action, mindset, and empathy. It is about helping others, but also changing yourself to see the world differently - to see it where we are all connected, interrelated, in a way where we do all depend on each other for survival, and also for happiness.

In addition to donating my sales for this one day (not enough for me), I have chosen one of my more popular and universal products, the American Geography Task Card Set, to serve as a permanent donation, with all sales going to these two charities all year (and forever).  I've marked the title of this product with #historygives and I know others in my TpT History community are also participating in this great movement.

While I have been a bit tongue-tied recently, and my blog has sat still in silence, this day has gotten my fingers moving again.  I hope it will also encourage others to dig deep into their pockets to help make a difference, not only in the lives of those closest to these charities and others participating, but also to make our world a better place where love always trumps hate!